The coconut palm

The coconut palm is a lilac palm kind in which the coconuts grow. The palm is grown since thousands of years in the tropical areas and serves as a food and raw material spring. It has up to 6-metres-long sheets (whisk). The coconut palm fruit: the nut exists of 3 layers: Outside fibber, hard inside layer and the meaty internal hollow ball to ellipsoid. The coconut palm fibber serves for the production of ropes, uphol-sterer and mats.
The coconut palm bowl serves as a fuel. The coconut palm liquid serves as a drink. The dry seminal meat is processed to the coconut oil, candles or soap. Palm sugar or palm wine is produced of the flower juice. The wood of the co-conut tree serves as a building material for huts or pieces of furniture. Because practically everything is used, the coconut tree is valid as a very big useful plant. The palm is evergreen; a height from to 30 metres reaches, its sheets can become 7 metres long.
The coconut palm carries the whole year fruits (from 30 to 80 fruits per palm, yearly from 70 to 150 nuts) and can become 100 years old up to. The tree diameter amounts to 20 to 30 cm, in the lower area approx. 50 cm. The palm stands no frost, no desert temperatures and needs enough water: optimally 1000-500 mm per year. The coconut tree comes originally from Africa.
It was strongly spread by the people. The nuts are harvested from the 8th year as a still green fruit. With low palms one uses for this knife with long handle. With higher palms the harvest assistants the tree must high climb. In some areas monkeys are trained to climb up on the high tree and to separate the single nuts by tricks around own axis from the tree.

The higher the tree, the more unprofitable the harvest because the climbing be-comes more dangerous for person and animal. The application of the mechanisation removes the dangers and makes the reaping more economic. Before the subsequent treatment the external layers are separated from the fruit. In some areas the flesh is valid as an important food like on the coasts of India, Burma, Indonesia and the Pacific islands. From the flesh becomes coconut oils etc. won. The rests are used as a cattle feed. The so-called coconut palm water in the hollow cavity of the not yet ripe nut is used in some areas, e. g., as a substitute with drinking water. It includes less fat. The so-called coconut milk is produced by mixture of the flesh with water and this liquid has many application possibilities in courts, soups and drinks.

Also the stone bowl of the fruit has many application possibilities. Toys, pockets, vessels, art craft products are produced etc. of it.
From the skin of the nut coconut palm fibres are won. Also these have found many practical uses. The fibres are used in home products in the production by ropes, floor mats, carpets, wall disguising, hats, baskets, mattress fillings, upholsterers or to the heat insulation.
Even in the construction of vehicles the coconut palm fibres find use. The trunk of the palm is used in the building of a house, in the shipbuilding, with pieces of furniture, with house neck objects as well as at piece works. The sheets are used for broom, as roof roofing or for baskets. From the inflorescence it is won with some kinds of palm nectar. The nectar is processed to palm wine, to palm vinegar or to palm schnapps.